The group of experts at IARC demonstrates the effectiveness of main methods for early detection of colorectal cancer and their benefits in cancer screening, as published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
An international group of experts, convened by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), have carried out a systematic review and evaluation of the scientific literature on colorectal cancer tests based on fecal analysis, endoscopy and computed tomography colonography. Based on these studies, experts have corroborated the evidence of preventive effects, adverse effects and the relationship between benefits and harms of the tests studied. A summary of the research has been published in a Special Report in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine.
Dr. Montse García, researcher of the Cancer Prevention and Control Program of the ICO, is one of the experts and participants in this research.
The review shows that screening aims to reduce both the risk of death from colorectal cancer through early detection and the rate of complications associated with the detection of cancer at a later stage. The purpose of it is to reduce the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer through the detection and elimination of precancerous lesions.